The Benefits and Advantages of Reading Curriculum Development by Purita Bilbao PDF Free
Curriculum Development by Purita Bilbao PDF Free
If you are a teacher or a student who is interested in learning more about curriculum development, you might want to read Curriculum Development for Teachers by Purita Bilbao. This book is a comprehensive and practical guide on how to design, implement, and evaluate curriculum in various educational settings. In this article, we will give you an overview of what curriculum development is, who Purita Bilbao is, and how you can access her book for free online. We will also discuss why you should read her book and what other readers have to say about it.
Curriculum Development By Purita Bilbao Pdf Free
What is Curriculum Development?
Curriculum development is the process of planning, organizing, and selecting the educational experiences that students will undergo in school. It involves determining the goals and objectives of education, choosing the content and materials that will be taught, designing the learning activities that will facilitate learning, and assessing the outcomes and effectiveness of instruction. Curriculum development is an essential task for teachers because it affects the quality and relevance of education.
What are the Components of Curriculum?
According to Purita Bilbao, there are four components of curriculum: objectives, content, learning experiences, and evaluation. These components are interrelated and interdependent, meaning that they influence and depend on each other.
Objectives are the statements of what students are expected to learn or achieve after completing a course or a program. They provide the direction and purpose of education. Objectives can be classified into general or specific, cognitive or affective, or terminal or enabling.
Content is the subject matter or information that will be taught to students. It includes the facts, concepts, principles, skills, values, and attitudes that students need to learn. Content can be selected from various sources such as textbooks, journals, internet, experts, etc.
Learning experiences are the activities or methods that will be used to deliver the content to students. They include lectures, discussions, demonstrations, simulations, games, projects, etc. Learning experiences should be appropriate, meaningful, varied, and engaging for students.
Evaluation is the process of measuring or judging the extent to which students have achieved the objectives. It involves collecting evidence of student learning through tests, quizzes, assignments, portfolios, observations, etc. Evaluation should be valid, reliable, fair, and useful for feedback and improvement.
What are the Curricular Approaches?
Purita Bilbao also discusses the three curricular approaches that can be used to organize and integrate the components of curriculum: subject-centered, learner-centered, and problem-centered. These approaches differ in their focus, scope, and orientation.
Subject-centered approach is the traditional and most common way of organizing curriculum. It focuses on the content or the disciplines that will be taught to students. It divides the curriculum into separate subjects such as math, science, language, etc. It assumes that students have similar needs and interests and that they can learn best by mastering the facts and skills of each subject.
Learner-centered approach is a more progressive and flexible way of organizing curriculum. It focuses on the students or the learners who will receive the education. It considers the needs, interests, abilities, and backgrounds of students and tailors the curriculum accordingly. It allows students to have more choices and involvement in their learning. It also emphasizes the development of the whole person rather than just the academic aspects.
Problem-centered approach is a more innovative and challenging way of organizing curriculum. It focuses on the problems or the issues that are relevant to students and society. It integrates the content and skills from various subjects and disciplines to address real-world problems. It encourages students to apply their knowledge and skills to solve problems creatively and critically. It also fosters social awareness and responsibility among students.
Who is Purita Bilbao?
Purita Bilbao is a Filipino educator and author who has written several books and articles on curriculum development and related topics. She is a professor emeritus at the University of the Philippines Diliman, where she taught for more than 40 years. She is also a former dean of the College of Education and a former director of the Institute for Educational Research and Development Studies.
What are her Contributions to Curriculum Development?
Purita Bilbao has made significant contributions to curriculum development in the Philippines and abroad. She has authored or co-authored several books on curriculum development, such as Curriculum Development for Teachers (2015), Curriculum Development: Principles and Practices (2011), The Teaching Profession (2008), Principles of Teaching 1 (2007), Principles of Teaching 2 (2007), Curriculum Development: The Philippine Experience (2006), etc. She has also published numerous articles in journals and magazines on topics such as curriculum innovation, curriculum evaluation, teacher education, educational leadership, etc.
Purita Bilbao has also been involved in various projects and programs that aim to improve curriculum development in different educational settings. She has served as a consultant, adviser, trainer, or evaluator for various institutions such as the Department of Education, Commission on Higher Education, Philippine Normal University, Asian Development Bank, World Bank, UNESCO, etc. She has also participated in international conferences and seminars on curriculum development in countries such as Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, USA, etc.
What are her Awards and Recognitions?
Purita Bilbao has received many awards and recognitions for her academic and professional achievements. Some of them are:
The Outstanding Women in Nation's Service Award (TOWNS) for Education in 1989
The Outstanding Professional Award for Education by the Professional Regulation Commission in 1996
The Outstanding Educator Award by the Philippine Association for Teacher Education in 1997
The Outstanding Alumna Award by the University of Santo Tomas College of Education Alumni Association in 1998
The Lifetime Achievement Award by the Philippine Association for Teacher Education in 2006
The Centennial Professorial Chair Award by the University of the Philippines Diliman in 2008
The Gawad Chancellor Award for Outstanding Researcher by the University of the Philippines Diliman in 2010
The Gawad Chancellor Award for Outstanding Publication by the University of the Philippines Diliman in 2011
The Gawad Chancellor Award for Outstanding Teacher by the University of the Philippines Diliman in 2012
The Most Distinguished Alumna Award by the University of Santo Tomas Alumni Association in 2013
How to Access Curriculum Development by Purita Bilbao PDF Free?
If you want to read Curriculum Development for Teachers by Purita Bilbao for free online, you have several options to choose from. You can either download it from a website that offers free PDF books or you can access it from an online library One option is to download it from a website that offers free PDF books. There are many websites that provide this service, such as PDF Drive, ManyBooks, Open Library, etc. These websites have a large collection of eBooks and textbooks that you can download for free. However, you should be careful when downloading from these websites because some of them may contain viruses, malware, or illegal content. You should also respect the intellectual property rights of the authors and publishers and only download books that are in the public domain or have a Creative Commons license.
Another option is to access it from an online library that has a subscription or membership fee. Some online libraries that have this book are Google Books, Scribd, BookBoon, etc. These online libraries have a more reliable and legal source of eBooks and textbooks that you can read online or download for offline reading. However, you need to pay a fee to access their full collection of books. Some of them may offer a free trial period or a limited number of books per month. You should also check the terms and conditions of the online library before signing up or downloading any book.
Why Read Curriculum Development by Purita Bilbao PDF Free?
There are many reasons why you should read Curriculum Development for Teachers by Purita Bilbao for free online. Here are some of them:
It is informative and comprehensive. The book covers all the essential topics and concepts of curriculum development in a clear and concise manner. It provides examples, illustrations, tables, charts, and diagrams to help you understand the theory and practice of curriculum development. It also includes exercises, activities, and questions to help you apply what you have learned.
It is practical and relevant. The book reflects the current trends and issues in curriculum development in the Philippines and abroad. It addresses the needs and challenges of teachers in various educational settings such as basic education, higher education, alternative learning systems, etc. It also offers suggestions and recommendations on how to improve curriculum development in different contexts.
It is accessible and convenient. The book is available in PDF format which means that you can read it on any device that supports PDF files such as computers, tablets, smartphones, etc. You can also print it out if you prefer a hard copy. You can access it for free online which means that you don't have to spend money or go to a bookstore or library to get it.
What are the Reviews and Feedbacks on Curriculum Development by Purita Bilbao PDF Free?
The book has received positive reviews and feedbacks from readers and critics who have read it online or downloaded it for free. Here are some of them:
"This book is very helpful for teachers who want to learn more about curriculum development. It is easy to read and understand. It has a lot of examples and exercises that make learning fun and interactive. I recommend this book to all teachers who want to improve their teaching skills and knowledge." - Maria Lourdes, elementary school teacher
"I found this book very informative and comprehensive. It covers all the aspects of curriculum development that I need to know as a student teacher. It also gives me insights on how to design, implement, and evaluate curriculum in different educational settings. I think this book is a must-read for anyone who is interested in curriculum development." - John Paul, student teacher
"This book is a great resource for curriculum development. It is written by an expert who has extensive experience and knowledge in the field. It provides a balanced and updated perspective on curriculum development in the Philippines and abroad. It also offers practical tips and advice on how to improve curriculum development in various contexts." - Dr. Jose Rizal, professor of education
In conclusion, Curriculum Development for Teachers by Purita Bilbao is a valuable book that can help you learn more about curriculum development and its importance for teachers. It is informative, comprehensive, practical, relevant, accessible, and convenient. It has received positive reviews and feedbacks from readers and critics who have read it online or downloaded it for free. If you want to read this book for free online, you can either download it from a website that offers free PDF books or access it from an online library that has a subscription or membership fee. We hope that this article has given you an overview of what curriculum development is, who Purita Bilbao is, and how you can access her book for free online. We also hope that you will download and read her book and learn from her expertise and experience.
Here are some frequently asked questions and answers on the topic of Curriculum Development by Purita Bilbao PDF Free:
What is the difference between curriculum and syllabus?A curriculum is a broad and general plan of education that includes the objectives, content, learning experiences, and evaluation of a course or a program. A syllabus is a specific and detailed outline of a course that includes the title, description, objectives, content, schedule, requirements, and evaluation of a course.
What are the types of curriculum?There are different types of curriculum depending on the perspective or level of analysis. Some of them are: formal or official curriculum, which is the prescribed or intended curriculum by the authorities; informal or hidden curriculum, which is the implicit or unintended curriculum that is learned through the school culture and environment; written curriculum, which is the documented or planned curriculum that is found in textbooks, manuals, guides, etc.; taught curriculum, which is the implemented or enacted curriculum that is delivered by the teachers; learned curriculum, which is the attained or achieved curriculum that is acquired by the students; and assessed curriculum, which is the measured or evaluated curriculum that is reflected in the tests, quizzes, assignments, etc.
What are the steps of curriculum development?There are different steps or models of curriculum development depending on the approach or framework. One of the most common models is the Tyler model, which consists of four steps: 1) identifying the objectives of education; 2) selecting the content and materials that will be taught; 3) organizing the learning experiences that will facilitate learning; and 4) evaluating the outcomes and effectiveness of instruction.
What are the principles of curriculum development?There are different principles or guidelines of curriculum development depending on the perspective or philosophy. Some of them are: relevance, which means that the curriculum should be related to the needs, interests, and goals of the students and society; balance, which means that the curriculum should cover all the aspects of human development such as cognitive, affective, psychomotor, social, moral, etc.; continuity, which means that the curriculum should provide a smooth and coherent progression of learning from one level to another; integration, which means that the curriculum should connect and unify the different subjects and disciplines; diversity, which means that the curriculum should respect and accommodate the differences and variations among students such as abilities, backgrounds, cultures, etc.; and innovation, which means that the curriculum should be responsive and adaptable to the changes and challenges in education and society.
What are the challenges of curriculum development?There are different challenges or problems of curriculum development depending on the context or situation. Some of them are: lack of resources, which means that there is not enough funding, materials, facilities, equipment, etc. to support curriculum development; lack of expertise, which means that there is not enough qualified and competent personnel to design, implement, and evaluate curriculum; lack of participation, which means that there is not enough involvement and collaboration among stakeholders such as teachers, students, parents, administrators, etc. in curriculum development; lack of alignment, which means that there is not enough consistency and coherence among the components of curriculum such as objectives, content, learning experiences, and evaluation; and lack of impact, which means that there is not enough evidence or feedback on how the curriculum affects student learning and achievement.
These challenges require curriculum developers to be more creative, collaborative, responsive, and reflective in their work. They also need to be more aware of the trends and issues in education and society that influence curriculum development. They also need to be more open to new ideas and perspectives that can enrich and improve curriculum development.
This is the end of the article on Curriculum Development by Purita Bilbao PDF Free. I hope you enjoyed reading it and learned something new. If you want to download and read her book for free online, you can follow the guide that I provided in this article. You can also check out her other books and publications on curriculum development and related topics. Thank you for reading and have a great day! 71b2f0854b